Showing posts from August, 2018


The following individuals all contributed significantly to health education in the country through research, teaching and training of health educators and professionals across Nigeria. Some of the pioneers of health education in Nigeria includes;
1. Z.A. Ademuwagun
2. J.A. Ajala
3. C.O. Udoh
4. O. G. Oshodin
5. A.F.A Folawiyo
6. I. Owie
7. O.C. Nwana
8. G.B.I. Onuha
9. J.O. Adeniyi
10. J. Fawole

Former Lagos State Governor, Mr. Babatunde Fashola SAN (right) presenting a souvenir to Professor Osayuki Godwin Oshodin (left) during a courtesy call on the Governor at the Lagos House, Ikeja, in 2013.

1. Z.A. Ademuwagun: Born in 1934 Ademuwagun, Zacchaeus Akingbade (B.A., Ed.D., M.P.H.) is regarded as a pioneer in health education in Nigeria. He has written numerous books and published relevant articles relating to health education around the world. Some of his works includes; African Therapeutic System (1979), National and training policies in health education in Africa (1979), AIDS education…


Looking at the definition by the World Health Organization, they described health as the complete state of physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity. Health education on the other hand can be defined as the combination of learning experiences so as to influence the knowledge, attitude and behavior of individuals towards their health. Health education teaches individuals how to maintain good personal health, make positive healthy choices while also taking steps in disease prevention, reduce risky healthy behaviors, first aid management and management and prevention of communicable and non communicable diseases.

When I Was Invited to Give an Health Talk to Students in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the history of health education can be traced back to the history of western education in the country. It is important to note that by 1515 the catholic missionaries established a primary school with the influence of the Portuguese traders at the Oba of Ben…


Physical and health education is an integral part of general education that aims to develop an individual physically, mentally, socially and emotionally. It consist of sports and games, recreation, first aid, safety education, sports psychology, exercise physiology, sports administration and management, among others. In ancient times, physical education in Nigeria was unstructured and it included physical activities for hunting in search for food. However, some traditional games were also played during this time. An example is dambe (traditional boxing), Kokawa (Traditional wrestling), among others.
Students Participating In Sports in a Nigerian School

A review of the research activities of Nigerian physical and health educators showed that serious research work did not start in physical and health education in Nigeria until the late sixties and early seventies. Most of the early research works in these fields were mainly on the history and administration of sports and physical educatio…


Ademola (2018) defined sports as any activity that uses physical and intellectual capacity done by an individual or between individuals usually following established rules and regulations to establish an outcome which could be a win, loss or draw. It is important to note that sports could be professional (earning a living) or amateur (not earning a living). Sports is usually competitive in nature however, the spirit of fair play is needed in sports as winning at all cost is not encouraged. Sports usually come with some penalties for breaking some of its rules and the worst outcome an athlete can get is a lifetime ban from participating in such sports competitively. 
The University of Lagos Football Team Receiving Some Pep Talk From the Coach

Sports can be categorized in many ways; 1. By location (indoor and outdoor sports) 2. By number of participant (individual, dual and team sports) 3. By facility and equipment (Motor sport, Racket sport, Water sport, Ball games, Combat sport, Ice sport,…


a. Indoor Recreational Activities: As the name implies, this type of recreational activity is usually done indoors. It is mostly passive in nature. Example of indoor recreation includes playing hide and seek, watching a movie at the cinema, playing chess, family games, playing board games and cards, arm wrestling, snooker, bowling, gymnastics, dancing, yoga, Pilates exercises, weight lifting, playing squash among others. Read Details on Examples of Indoor Recreation Here

b. Outdoor Recreational Activities: This refers to activities done outdoors. It is mostly active in nature. Examples of outdoor recreational activities include jogging, cycling, hiking, mountain climbing, playing football, playing tennis, hunting, having fun at the beach,  surfing, road walking, playing in the park, camping, among others. Read Details on Examples of Outdoor Recreation Here

When we practiced combat sports for recreation indoors in China

The major difference between indoor and outdoor recreation lies in …


Recreation can be defined as passive or active sports and fitness activities done during one's leisure time (free time) usually for fun and enjoyment which is done voluntarily, without any monetary gains attached to it. for it to be a recreational activity, there are four (4) major characteristics that should be exhibited by the individual engaged in it as listed below;

Children Playing an Improvised Football on the Streets in Nigeria

1. It should be done during one's Leisure Time
2. It should be Fun and Enjoyable
3. It must be done Voluntarily
4. There shouldn't be Monetary Gains 
5. It is mostly related but not limited to Sports, Fitness and Gaming
6. It can either be Passive or Active in nature

Once all of these characteristics are checked, such activity can be called recreation.

Types of Recreation
There are two different ways of classifying recreational activities;
1. By Activity: This can be either active or passive recreation.
a. Active Re…


Intramural sports in Nigeria dates back to the first group of schools established in the country. These sports event served as a veritable means of talent identification and development as many athletes discovered in time past came through intramural sports and were further groomed to the elite and professional level.

The University of Lagos Football Team during a training session at the sports center
The importance of talent identification at the early state cannot be over emphasized as it can be an effective way in the development of Nigeria's sports at large. Majority of children attend schools and the very best from each school discovered through inter house competitions (inter house sports) can be selected to represent their schools at the inter school events at the local government, hence the best are selected. And this transcends to the state level and national level, hence we have exceptionally gifted student athletes discovered at an early age (Ademola, 2018).
However, Ni…


Just a picture before checking for the resting heart rate and blood pressure of an individual

Physical fitness in Nigeria is of great importance to everyone (male and female, young and old) as it is strongly health related. The life expectancy in Nigeria is about 53 years and this is the average period a person is expected to live in the country. Causes of this varies from terrorism, accidents, and various diseases.

Although exercise may not directly reduce an individual's chances of deaths from terrorism and various communicable diseases, exercise is a major medicine in the prevention and management of several non communicable diseases which can lead to death such as hypertension, diabetics, obesity, among others.

Exercise has numerous benefits from various perspectives. Looking at the definition by the World Health Organization, they described health as the complete state of physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity. Hence, one can…